In step 1, in addition to general non-drug measures, two drugs are used, which are taken together as an inhalation spray if necessary:
- A low-dose medication containing cortisone, e.g. budesonide. This medication is intended to permanently stabilize your bronchi and to heal allergic or inflammatory processes.
- A long-acting bronchodilator medication such as formoterol. This medication eliminates your asthmatic breathing difficulties. However, it is a purely symptomatic medication.
Both medications are only taken as a combination inhalation spray when symptoms occur.
Alternatively, a cortisone spray can be combined with a short-acting agent to expand the bronchi and taken if necessary.
If you have no more symptoms for 3 months, you can take a break in therapy.
If your symptoms do not improve or only improve slightly, treatment is carried out according to step 2.